ROOT CANAL TREATMENT
Root canal treatment is one of the treatment methods used to save or repair a seriously decayed or infected tooth. Tooth from outside to inside; It consists of 3 main layers: enamel, dentin and pulp. The natural space in the center of the tooth is called the root canal. The pulp is the soft tissue inside the root canal and is known to be rich in blood vessels and nerves that feed the tooth.
In cases where the nerve tissue or pulp of a tooth is damaged, bacteria that start to multiply here can cause intense abscess and infection. In case an infection or inflammation progresses to the pulp layer, the pulp layer of the tooth needs to be cleaned and refilled. If the pulp and the nerves in it are removed, the tooth can fulfill its basic function.
What is Root Canal Treatment?
If any dental nerve is damaged by a blow – trauma, decay or any other reason, the body accepts this non-living nerve as a foreign material and creates inflammation. In this case, the removal of the nerve and filling it with filling material so that no gaps remain, is called root canal treatment.
Kanal Tedavisi Nasıl Yapılır?
Root canal treatment can be completed in more than one session depending on the situation. This may vary depending on the decay in the tooth. In order to perform root canal treatment, x-rays are taken first. In this way, it can be seen how the root canals are and whether there is a bone infection around the decayed tooth. After this procedure, local anesthesia is applied. The patient does not feel any pain because the tooth and the nerves around it are numb. After the tooth and its surroundings are numb, a waterproof material is placed in the area around the tooth. This prevents the tooth and its surroundings from getting wet. Then, a hole is drilled in the tooth so that the infected area can be reached and treated. Infection and bacteria formed in the tooth are cleaned with the help of a tool that enters the hole. The nerve tissue inside the tooth is removed. In order to perform root canal treatment, the hole opened in the tooth is enlarged with a tool that has a structure like a rasp. At this stage, which is called canal filing, the tooth is not damaged. In addition, since there is no nerve in the tooth, pain is not felt.
During the treatment, water and sodium hypochlorite components are poured into the mouth at regular intervals in order to clean the remaining parts in the mouth. Thus, any residue in the mouth can be prevented. After the root canal treatment is completed, the hole in the tooth is closed using a type of rubber compound. Closing the hole in the tooth is considered a very important issue in terms of maintaining the strong structure of the tooth, as well as preventing bacteria from filling the hole. Before the hole in the tooth is closed, it is checked whether the inside of the hole is dry and the depth of the canal is measured. If the rubber material placed in the hole overflows from the hole, the excess parts are cut off. Although the rubber material closes the main hole of the duct, it may be insufficient to prevent the leaks that will enter inside. For this reason, the closure of the hole is reinforced with various mixtures. After the root canal treatment is completed, the tooth decay is filled. Thus, the permanence and durability of the root canal treatment is increased.
Does Root Canal Treatment Hurt?
Since root canal treatment is a treatment performed by anesthetizing the patient’s teeth, the patient does not feel pain or pain during the procedure. However, there may be some pain or numbness after root canal treatment. In some patients, this may cause mild discomfort for a few days. In very painful or infected teeth, numbness may occur from time to time.
What Should Be Considered After Root Canal Treatment?
Since the tooth treated with root canal treatment loses its vitality, the probability of fracture may be higher. For this reason, very hard foods should not be consumed during the treatment and that tooth should not be used as much as possible. Not eating or drinking anything for at least two hours after the root canal treatment is completed, and avoiding extremely hot and cold foods and drinks for a few days, as there may be sensitivity, are among the points to be considered. In the post-treatment period, in addition to following the general care rules such as brushing the teeth regularly, using dental floss and antiseptic, regular visits to the dentist should not be interrupted.
What Are the Stages of Root Canal Treatment?
While applying root canal treatment; The teeth and surrounding tissues are anesthetized with local anesthesia. The tooth is isolated from the surrounding tissues. The endodontic cavity is being prepared for entry into the root canals. The working length of the root canal is determined and the root canal space is reshaped. The root canal cavity is cleaned and disinfected. Root canals are sealed. In cases where the tooth has lost its vitality, it may be necessary to apply an antiseptic substance to the root canals after the tooth is shaped and cleaned during root canal treatment.
How Many Minutes Does Root Canal Treatment Take?
Root canal treatment to be applied to a three-channel tooth can take an average of 1 to 1.5 hours. The duration of root canal treatment; The number of root canals in the tooth can vary according to factors such as anatomy of root canals, presence of infection and patient compliance. Root canal treatment can be completed in a single session in cases where there is no infection or cyst formation in the pulp. A single session of root canal treatment can take up to 45 minutes. The tooth canal needs to be cleaned and shaped very well in the first session. By applying local drugs to the cleaned area, harmful microorganisms are killed. If there is no inflammation in the canal in the second session, if there is no sensitivity in the patient’s tooth, if the x-ray comes out clean and there is no defect in the tissue surrounding the tooth, the treatment process is completed by filling the tooth.
Does the Tooth Decay After Root Canal Treatment?
Tooth decay occurs due to the accumulation of bacterial plaque. In cases where oral hygiene rules are not followed, teeth are not brushed and dental floss is not used correctly, plaque accumulation begins on the teeth and surrounding tissues. Thus, bacterial acid is formed and the tooth can rot again. However, since the root canal treated tooth is not a living tooth, it does not show the symptoms that may occur with the formation of caries. Mostly, caries formation can be detected during radiological examination.
Root Root Canal Treatment Prices
Root canal treatment prices; It may vary depending on the condition of the tooth to be treated, whether it is incisors, premolars or molars, in other words, its structure, the degree of infection and whether it has had a root canal treatment before. Since there are more canals that need to be filled in molars, the fact that the tooth to be treated is a molar can be one of the factors that increase the price.
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