Composite Fillings

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Tooth filling is a treatment method that has been used for many years in dental treatments, and it has been known that many different materials have been used for filling process since ancient times. Composite filling, which is one of the fillings closest to the natural tooth color, has been the most preferred filling type of the last 50 years.

What is Composite Filling?

Composite filling method can be used to repair the damaged tooth structure due to decay, cracks, fractures or similar reasons. Composite filling, also known as white filling, is an aesthetic treatment method. Composite fillings are also known as resin fillings. They are produced using ceramics as well as various chemical components. With composite fillings, chewing and biting in the mouth are strengthened.

Composite filling, which is a very modern way of restoring teeth or creating lost tooth structure for aesthetic or cosmetic reasons, is frequently applied today. Thanks to the composite filling, it is possible to change the smile of the patient and to make minor or major corrections to the smile with a very simple and non-invasive procedure.

Composite fillings can be used to repair cavities in the teeth and to fill the spaces between the teeth. Broken or cracked teeth can also be repaired with the composite filling method. Composite filling can also be used to improve the color appearance of the teeth. Composite fillings can also be preferred to change the shape of the teeth and offer an aesthetic alternative to amalgam fillings. Again, in cases where the gums are receding, the composite filling method can be used to protect a certain part of the tooth root.

How is Composite Filling Made?

Before the composite filling procedure, the patient needs to be examined in detail. Tooth loss and the shape of the tooth are determined. Depending on the mouth structure, it is decided whether or not to apply composite filling. If there is caries in the tooth to be filled, these caries are cleaned first. Although the procedure is mostly performed under local anesthesia, it can be performed without the need for anesthesia in superficial applications. Some cleaning and retouching may be needed to make the tooth fully ready for filling. After these procedures are completed, the filling is placed.

Composite filling, which is extremely effective in eliminating aesthetic concerns, also comes to the fore with its short processing time. In this way, it can be easily applied to more than one tooth even in one day. Composite fillings, unlike amalgam fillings, can be easily applied to both anterior and posterior teeth. Since it is possible to work with filling materials suitable for the tooth color of the person during the application, a natural and aesthetic appearance can be achieved. Thanks to its chemical structure, it merges seamlessly with the applied tooth. Although there is a risk of caries development in the areas where amalgam fillings meet, these caries do not occur in the composite filling method. Composite fillings that bond very well to the tooth also support dental fillings. It can also prevent the transmission of temperature sensitivities, especially tooth fractures.

kompozit dolgu zararları nelerdirWhat are Composite Filling Damages?

It is known that composite fillings do not cause any harm. After the composite filling process, the teeth may be sensitive to heat or cold. This situation disappears by itself in a short time after the tooth gets used to the filling and is considered normal. Following the advice given by the dentist after the treatment and performing the necessary oral and dental care are among the issues to be considered. Otherwise, you may be faced with different oral and dental health problems. In composite fillings; Discoloration may occur due to beverages such as tea, coffee, cola, alcohol and smoking.

What are the Composite Filling Stages?

A small amount of preparation may be needed before starting the composite filling application. Anesthesia may not be needed unless the filling is used to fill a decayed tooth, the tooth does not need to be opened to change its shape, or it is not near the nerve. A color guide is used to select a composite filling color that is close to the tooth color. Since the composite is a sensitive material against oral fluids, the area must first be cleared of blood or saliva. By applying some acid to the surface of the tooth, the tooth surface is provided with a rough texture. Thus, the filling can hold onto the tooth more easily.

After the tooth is acid-free, an adhesive called bond is applied to increase the adhesion rate of the composite. By using LED light, the bond is frozen on the surface. Then, composite parts are placed on the tooth. By using blue light, the composite is hardened and integrated with the tooth.

After the light composite filling is combined with the tooth on a chemical basis, the dentist ends the treatment by making minor corrections and polishing.

What Should Be Considered in Composite Fillings?

During the application of composite filling, the filling must be placed in accordance with the original structure of the existing teeth. Placement or correction of the filling in a way that will allow the tooth to fully function is among the issues to be considered. The correction process in the filling is done in order to get the most suitable shape for the tooth during the bite rehearsal and tongue surface control. However, dentists may also ask the patient to do such rehearsals during the application. The correction process ends when the filling on the tooth is used in the most appropriate and trouble-free way.

If anesthesia was given during the composite filling, it is recommended not to eat before the effect of anesthesia has passed. If oral hygiene is not given importance, recurrent caries may develop under the composite filling over time and the filling may fail.

Composite Filling Prices

Thanks to the composite filling, which is frequently used by dentists, patients’ teeth regain their health and aesthetic concerns are eliminated. Composite filling prices are determined on a patient-specific basis, and factors such as the number of teeth to be applied, the general condition of the patient’s oral health and the quality of the material used are effective in determining the prices.


It is a procedure which involves using tooth-colored composite materials to repair or restore dental structures.


The survival of composite fillings depend on good oral hygiene and the skill of the practitioner (Generally they survive for 2 years).


The decay on the tooth is removed by using diamond, steel or tungsten drills and composite filling is placed in the cleaned out cavity. Composite resin will be placed by layering and cured with light. Then it will be trimmed off and polished.


It can be applied on all teeth. Only, if as the surface gets bigger, the durability of the filling might be compromised. 

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